نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
پزشک عمومی و دکتری جامعه شناسی، مرکز تحقیقات عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر سلامت دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Sex ratio at birth is naturally 105 males per 100 females but in some countries this ratio has increased through sex selection interventions. The aim of this study is to identify the trend of changes in the sex ratio at birth in Iran and the contexts and factors affecting it. Using data from the National Organization for Civil Registration and the documentary method, the context and factors affecting changes in the sex ratio at birth were studied. According to the findings, although the sex ratio of births in Iran is currently in the normal range, but in at least four provinces this ratio is out of the normal range and has increased, suggesting an increase in the number of boys compared to girls. Male preference in Iran is a persistent cultural trait that leads some parents to son preference and eliminates girls. Despite such a cultural problem, the health system allows parents to access the means of sex selection. In addition to being a violation of the right to life for women, continuation of this trend can have negative social consequences such as marriage problems, violence and prostitution. Therefore, it is necessary to pay enough attention to it and think of measures to prevent it.