نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم اقتصادی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان
2 استاد گروه جمعیت شناسی، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The household structure in contemporary societies is different from decades ago, and in many countries new forms of household have emerged. This study aimed to investigate changes in household structure over the past 35 years (1984-2018) in Iran. For this purpose, Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) data were analyzed. The findings revealed that the percentage of various types of households (i.e one-person, single-parent and married couples without children) have increased. On the other hand, the share of extended and composite households has declined during the time. Although nuclear households have always been the overwhelming majority of households, their number has decreased in the last decade. The main reasons for this pattern are cultural and religious context and the long-term staying of children at parent’s home. It can be concluded that although the family and household structure have been relatively stable for decades, the process of change has started. However, instead of moving towards becoming an independence Western family model, it has taken on the characteristics of family model of emotional interdependence.